By Mahwish Inam
Every person has the right to live a comfortable and secure life, free from terror and threats. We commonly come across the terms human rights violation or abuse of basic human rights. In 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights was developed which is considered a milestone in the history of human rights.
Several legal and cultural experts from around the world drafted this declaration which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. This draft enshrines the rights and freedoms of all human beings. Out of 56 members of the UN, 8 members voted against the equality of human rights. Since then, international human rights have made monumental progress but still it’s more of a dream than reality and people are facing abuses of their rights each day.
Socially the individuals and groups which are under privileged are susceptible to discrimination. Women, children, ethnic minorities, individuals with disabilities, refugees, indigenous peoples, and those who live in poverty are all included.
Amnesty International’s 2009 World Report shows that individuals are tortured or abused in at least 81 countries, face unfair trials in at least 54 countries and restricted in their freedom of expression in at least 77 countries.
Abuse of human rights often leads to conflict, and conflict typically results in human rights violations. The concept of rights helps us to explain the idea that all people are entitled to morality and justice. Protecting human rights entails ensuring that people are treated decently and humanely.
Human rights majorly include rights to privacy, justice, and freedom of movement, security to life. When the individuals living in a space have a suitable level of comfortable life they live in peace and tranquility. Where there is extreme violation of human rights the peacebuilding process becomes difficult. When a society experience corruption, political executions, torture, arbitrary arrests, terrorism, assassinations, and abductions that society suffers growth and prosperity.
When individuals of a society are not mentally healthy and are subject of aggression and frustration then that society resists constructive contribution around.
Economic prosperity of a State is observed to be the key feature which leads people to live contented lives. According to Human rights and rule of law index – 2021, published by The Global Economy, Norway, New Zealand, Iceland, Finland and Austria are ranked as top 5 countries which care about human rights whereas Egypt, Syria, Yemen, China and Iran are listed as countries caring the least about human rights.
Pakistan has been under criticism as far as human rights situation in the country is concerned. Human Rights Watch published a report on human rights in Pakistan in 2020 which showed concerns about freedom of media citing that Pakistan’s media operated in a climate of fear that impeded coverage of abuses by both government security forces and extremist armed groups.
Concerns regarding terrorism, religious freedom, women and children rights were also part of the report. PM Khan in his recent interview with an international media expressed his apprehensions on child abuse in Pakistan and said that they are working to control the situation.
Human rights and rule of law index – 2021, published by The Global Economy however ranks Pakistan in 48th position on a list of 173 countries which shows improvement of ranking from 54 th position in 2020.